Restless Legs Syndrome
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sleep disorder. It is characterized by uncomfortable sensations in the legs described as creepy, crawly, or tingling but are rarely painful. Symptoms usually occur late in the day when lying down, sitting, or relaxing. People with RLS describe an irresistible urge to move the legs. Getting up to walk around, rubbing or massaging the legs may bring temporary relief.
People with RLS may find it difficult to fall asleep and may not sleep well. They may have kicking movements throughout the night. This combination may make patients feel sleepy during the day.
RLS is usually inherited but may also be experienced during pregnancy or in patients with low iron levels. Chronic diseases like kidney failure, diabetes and peripheral neuropathy may also be associated with RLS.
RLS is usually treated with medications.